The fresh conceptual of Phoenician myths that has been preserved from Philo using Eusebius (like biblical observes for a passing fancy topic) used to be commonly regarded which have suspician because of the important scholarship and regarded as mostly a development of the Philo, without any independent worth because a way to obtain experience with Phoenician faith. This suspicious emotions since disappered using brand new recuperation out of spiritual epic books regarding Ugarit to the north Syrian shore (1927-1937).
This type of high poetical texts receive from the D.F.A good. Schaefer when you look at the a series of techniques demonstrated that gods off Philo happen brands inside highest area now better-understood off Ugarit also from other supply. The fresh Philo myths try described as a comparable moral forget and primitive barbarity that have fondness to have descriptive names and personifications which can be found at Ugarit.
The fresh resources of degree indicate nothing improvement in the content from Canaanite mythology between c. 1400 BC and you may 700 BC. Of several specifics of Philo’s membership, not just in the challenge of your names off deities, in the fresh mythological ambiance too are in over arrangement to your Ugaritic mythology and you will late Phoenician inscriptions. Students is, ergo, rationalized within the recognizing, at the very least provisionally, all the research kept by the Philo that don’t cover personal translation to your their area.
The latest divinities which profile in the mythological texts out of Ugarit was basically evidently perhaps not odd on the area, but have been current one of most of the Canaanites, simply because they brear only an unclear relationship to widely known deities worshipped in the city itself
As the myths of old Ugarit mean, this new religion of the Canaanite individuals try a crude and you can debased type of routine polytheism. It was on the sexy fertility-cult worship from an exceptionally raunchy and you will orgiastic kind, and therefore proved to be alot more important than just about any almost every other characteristics faith from the ANE.
The fresh new Ugaritic deities are actually most commonly known from the multiple out-of spiritual messages matchmaking throughout the 15th and very early fourteenth century BC that have been utilized in a collection located when you look at the a building situated anywhere between Ugarit’s one or two high temples, that seriously interested in Baal in addition to almost every other to help you Dagon
Canaanite deities, on one hand, establish superior fluidity regarding personality and you will form, so that it is usually nearly impossible to resolve the specific domain of various gods or even identify the kinship to one other. This is one of many grossly unreasonable areas of Canaanite faith, a sign of their corrupt nature. In addition, Canaanite deities enjoys for the most part etymologically transparent names, a well known fact and this appears to suggest brand new Canaanite pantheon since symbolizing a beneficial cruder and primitive particular polytheism.
El is the name by which the new best Canaanite deity was known. This can be plus a name which Goodness is named when you look at the the outdated Testament — El, the brand new Jesus (Elohim) out-of Israel ( este elohe yisrael: Gen. ). In most prose they occures more frequently that have a keen adjunct: Este Elyon (probably the most higher Jesus, Gen. ), El Shaddai (usually, God-almighty, Gen. 17:1), El Hai (The way of living God, Josh. 3:10), and also aren’t about plural away from majesty, Elohim. In Hebrew poetry El is much more frequent, where it stands quite often without having any adjunct (Ps. , 33, 48; ; Business 8:3).
The word Este is an universal name to own “god” inside Northwest Semitic (Hebrew and Ugaritic) and therefore it is quite found in the existing Testament to own heathen deities or idols (Old boyfriend. ; Ps. ; Try. ). The first generic term try ‘ilum ; shedding new mimation together with nominative situation stop ( u ) gets ‘el from inside the Hebrew. It actually was almost certainly an adjectival creation (intransitive participle) regarding the sources “becoming solid, powerful” ( ‘wl ), definition “The latest Strong (or Effective) That.”